About Czech Republic
Bordered by Poland, Germany, Slovakia and Austria, the Czech Republic is located in central Europe and claims the Moravia and Bohemia territories as part of its republic. The World Bank designated the Czech Republic as a developed country in 2006 and currently boasts the highest human development level among eastern and central European countries. A parliamentary democracy holding ninth position on the list of "most peaceful countries" within Europe, the Czech Republic is a member of the European Union, the Council of Europe and NATO.
The head of government in the Czech Republic is the Prime Minister, who oversees a bicameral Parliament and is accompanied by the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate.The head of state is the President, who is limited to exercising certain powers involving returning parliamentary bills, nominating judges to the constitutional court and dissolving Parliament under unusual conditions.
The Legal System in the Czech Republic
Czech Republic's legal system is called "Právní řád České republiky" (the "legal order of the Czech Republic") which strongly associates with the Germanic branch of civil law and includes criminal, procedural, labor and administrative branches that are codified systematically.
Sources of written law vital to regulating the Czech Republic's legal system are acts of parliament and delegated legislation as well as ratified international treaties and findings established by the Constitutional Court of the Czech Republic. Since the momentous regime change in 1989, the Czech Republic's justice and law system has been constantly evolving to mirror the principles and structure of a democratic government.
Although case law is not theoretically ascribed to the source of all law, the decisions made the Constitutional Court and supreme courts hold substantial influence with guidelines supporting the Czech system of law.
Study Law in Czech Republic
Earning a Law Degree in Czech Republic
Students wishing to obtain qualifications needed to practice law in Czech Republic can choose to attend public or private universities. There are also "state" universities offering military/law enforcement education and training as well. Law degrees consist of three year bachelor's programs and four or five year master's programs culminating in mandatory internships and passage of the bar examination before students can practice law. Competition to enter a Czech Republic law degree program is high and only the best students are accepted into legal programs at both public and private higher education institutions.
Attending public universities in Czech Republic is free. However, anyone over the age of 26 who is still taking university courses will not be allocated "student status" that qualifies them for social services such as medical insurance. Students enrolled in a law degree program at a private university will pay between 2500 and 3500 euros ($3500 to $4500 USD) per semester for undergraduate courses and fees as high as 10,000 euros ($13,500 USD) for master's programs. Once again, this may vary from one university to the other.
Students from EU/EEA countries and Switzerland do not need a visa to study in the Czech Republic. EU students have, however, a reporting duty after their arrival if the intended stay in the Czech Republic is longer than 30 days. In this situation, within 30 days of entering the Czech Republic, you need to declare your presence to the Foreign Police Department.
Students from countries outside the EU have to apply for a student visa.
There are three types of student visas for the Czech Republic:
1) Short-term visa - for stays up to 90 days
2) Long-term visa - for stays over 90 days.
3) Long-term residence permit for study purposes - for students arriving for a period longer than one year.
You will first need to be accepted to an educational institution in the Czech Republic. The school/program has to be accredited by the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports of the Czech Republic. If it is not accredited, then you have to apply for the visa for other purposes.
First-time visas must be applied for (and obtained) before their arrival to the Czech Republic.
When applying for your visa, you will need to provide a list of documents, among others an application form, a letter of acceptance for studies, proof of financial resources and international health insurance. While lodging the application, an interview with the applicant can be conducted.